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German

Ernst Haeckel, Specimen of radiolaria (a type of marine Protozoa)

Ernst Haeckel

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Ernst Haeckel (1834-1919) was a German scientist and artist who discovered thousands of new species, described and named life forms, invented biology terms and wrote numerous scientific studies during his lifetime. He is best known for his beautiful illustrations ranging from micro-organisms to human genealogical trees. In the 1850s, just after cell theory had been formulated, he was one of many students excited to make discoveries in a field that wasn’t yet fully developed, though he soon became dissatisfied with what felt like an unfulfilling scientific practice. In the late 1870s, however, while looking through a microscope at grains of sand, Haeckel began to sketch the mineral-shell specimens called radiolarians. It was through these drawings that his passion for science was reignited and he set out to map every type of marine life, seeing radiolarians as a “key to the creative power of nature.” 

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Ernst Haeckel, Various species of Siphonophoral (in the same class as hydras).

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Ernst Haeckel, Specimen of red algae (Rhodophyceae).

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Haecklel’s meticulous drawings gave a visual power to Darwin’s theory, helping him defend and spread his work. In 1868, his illustrated findings became a bestselling book entitled Natürliche Schöpfungsgeschichte.  It was translated to English in 1876 as The History of Creation. But years of struggle also haunted Haeckel – he was subjected to harsh criticism by his scientific colleges of the time as he tried to integrate artistic and scientific practices. Even so, his scientific and artistic output was so extensive and prolific that even Darwin credited him in The Descent of Man, and Selection in Relation to Sex, saying that if Natürliche Schöpfungsgeschichte “had appeared before my essay had been written, I should probably never have completed it.” (wiki)

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“Proteus: A Nineteenth Century Vision, by Director David Lebrun, 2004”

[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row lk_dm=”0″ lk_thm=”0″ lk_tuo=”0″ lk_dt=” “][vc_column][grve_icon_box icon_size=”small” align=”center” icon_animation=”yes” icon=”copyright” icon_color=”blue” title=”Copyright Information” text_style=”subtitle” animation=”fadeInLeft” animation_delay=”50″]The images on this page are not authored by Lines & Marks. They are shared under “fair use” for non-profit, educational and reference purposes, and may be subject to copyright. If for any reason this status is contested, notify us and we will remove the image(s) immediately. All other, © Lines & Marks, 2015. [/grve_icon_box][/vc_column][/vc_row]

Albrecht Dürer, "Young Hare." (1502)

Albrecht Durer

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[vc_row][vc_column width=”1/1″][grve_divider line_type=”space” backtotop_title=”Back to top” padding_top=”25″ padding_bottom=”25″][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row][vc_column width=”1/1″][grve_slogan title=”“And since geometry is the right foundation of all painting, I have decided to teach its rudiments and principles to all youngsters eager for art.“” heading=”h1″ line_type=”no-line” button_type=”simple” button_color=”primary-1″ button_size=”extrasmall” button_shape=”square” button2_type=”simple” button2_color=”primary-1″ button2_size=”extrasmall” button2_shape=”square” align=”center” animation=”fadeInDown” animation_delay=”250″ margin_bottom=”75″][/grve_slogan][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row heading_color=”” section_type=”fullwidth-background” flex_height=”” section_full_height=”no” bg_type=”” bg_image_type=”” pattern_overlay=”” color_overlay=”” opacity_overlay=”10″ header_feature=”” footer_feature=”” desktop_visibility=”” tablet_visibility=”” tablet_sm_visibility=”” mobile_visibility=”” seperator_indeed_locker=”Indeed Social Locker” lk_sl=”” lk_t=”” lk_la=”horizontal” lk_dc=”true” lk_dfn=”true” lk_lt=”2″ lk_etl=”0″ lk_tl=”30″ lk_nru=”0″ lk_rl=”0″ lk_lra=”30″ lk_lrt=”days” lk_io=”” lk_lp=”50″ lk_dm=”0″ lk_thm=”0″ lk_tuo=”0″ lk_dt=” “][vc_column width=”1/1″ desktop_hide=”” tablet_width=”” tablet_sm_width=”” mobile_width=””][dzs_parallaxer media=”https://secureservercdn.net/104.238.71.250/qzx.c30.myftpupload.com/wp-content/uploads/albrecht-durer-geomerty.jpg” clip_height=”700″ total_height=”1200″ mode=”normal” enable_scrollbar=”off” breakout=”off” direction=”normal”][/dzs_parallaxer][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row][vc_column width=”1/1″][vc_column_text animation_delay=”200″]”A supremely gifted and versatile German artist of the Renaissance period, Albrecht Dürer (1471–1528) was born in the Franconian city of Nuremberg, one of the strongest artistic and commercial centers in Europe during the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. He was a brilliant painter, draftsman, and writer, though his first and probably greatest artistic impact was in the medium of printmaking…” (From the Metropolitan Museum of Art, Vincent Van Gogh, The Drawings)[/vc_column_text][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row section_type=”in-container” flex_height=”” section_full_height=”no” bg_type=”image” bg_image=”5159″ bg_image_type=”parallax” pattern_overlay=”yes” opacity_overlay=”10″ padding_top=”250″ padding_bottom=”250″ header_feature=”” footer_feature=”” tablet_visibility=”” tablet_sm_visibility=”” mobile_visibility=””][vc_column width=”1/1″][/vc_column][/vc_row][vc_row heading_color=”” section_type=”fullwidth-background” flex_height=”” section_full_height=”no” bg_type=”” bg_image_type=”” pattern_overlay=”” color_overlay=”” opacity_overlay=”10″ header_feature=”” footer_feature=”” desktop_visibility=”” tablet_visibility=”” tablet_sm_visibility=”” mobile_visibility=”” seperator_indeed_locker=”Indeed Social Locker” lk_sl=”” lk_t=”” lk_la=”horizontal” lk_dc=”true” lk_dfn=”true” lk_lt=”2″ lk_etl=”0″ lk_tl=”30″ lk_nru=”0″ lk_rl=”0″ lk_lra=”30″ lk_lrt=”days” lk_io=”” lk_lp=”50″ lk_dm=”0″ lk_thm=”0″ lk_tuo=”0″ lk_dt=” “][vc_column width=”1/1″ desktop_hide=”” tablet_width=”” tablet_sm_width=”” mobile_width=””][vc_column_text animation_delay=”200″]

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